Protesting is a fundamental right of citizens in European democratic constitutional states. However, growing distrust of European governments seems to provide a basis for group formation of people who share strong anti-government sentiments, hold anti-democratic ideas, and believe in the effectiveness and necessity of violence against the government and against persons and organizations representing it.
This research is funded by Politie & Wetenschap, and you can read more about it here
Night Life
Night-Life Security Staff

Phie van Rompu

Free fight groups and hooligans

Rozalie Lekkerkerk

Delinquent youth
Delinquent youth

Floris Mosselman

Police teams
Police teams

Laura Keesman


Raheel Dhattiwala and Don Weenink

Vigilante Mob
Vigilante mob violence

Muhammad Asif

Video analysis
Video analysis of violent interactions

Raheel Dhattiwala, David van der Duin and Don Weenink

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